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《胡桃夹子》日本明星舞蹈家芭蕾舞团
   2013年1月·中国巡演·重庆站

《The Nutcracker》Japan Star Dancer Ballet Troupe
   January,2013 Tour in China

      2011年10月25日 来源:重庆演出公司

      《胡桃夹子》2013年1月•中国巡演•重庆站

      日本明星舞蹈家芭蕾舞团介绍
      日本明星舞蹈家芭蕾舞团是日本最著名的芭蕾舞团之一,自建团之日起,以“上演古典芭蕾”和“创作具有民族特色的芭蕾舞”这两大宗旨为主导开展艺术活动,创造了许多芭蕾舞作品。舞团表演精湛,感染力强,艺术造诣突出,具有世界一流水平。他们的艺术活动的领域不仅限于日本国内,还经常组织国际性的公演。
     《胡桃夹子》简介
     《胡桃夹子》是柴可夫斯基编写的一个芭蕾舞剧。根据霍夫曼的一部叫作《胡桃夹子与老鼠王》的故事改编。芭蕾舞剧《胡桃夹子》是世界上最优秀的芭蕾舞剧之一,有“圣诞芭蕾”的美誉。它之所以能吸引千千万万的观众,一方面是由于它有华丽壮观的场面、诙谐有趣的表演,但更重要的原因是柴科夫斯基的音乐赋予舞剧以强烈的感染力。剧情大致为:圣诞节,女孩玛丽得到一只胡桃夹子。夜晚,她梦见这胡桃夹子变成了一位王子,领着她的一群玩具同老鼠兵作战。后来又把她带到果酱山,受到糖果仙子的欢迎,享受了一次玩具、舞蹈和盛宴的快乐。首演于1892年3月19日在圣彼得堡举行,之前九个月,柴可夫斯基就从全曲中一套组曲,让《胡桃夹子》中最具特色的曲子广受欢迎。组曲是以序曲开始,然后是第一幕的进行曲和第二幕双人舞的《糖果仙子之舞》。接下来是第二幕,插曲中的四首曲子:俄罗斯舞、阿拉伯舞、中国舞、芦笛舞(Mirlitons),压轴的是第二幕的《花之圆舞曲》,也是柴可夫斯基最知名的圆舞曲之一。
     《胡桃夹子》舞剧特色
     《胡桃夹子》是典型的柴可夫斯基后期作品,精巧地使用弦乐,使作品的背景光彩闪耀,展现出一般乐曲少见的逼真写实,尤其是《雪花圆舞曲》中的童声,和第一幕其他乐曲中的儿童乐器。为传统乐器所谱写的音乐,也是创意十足,尤其是第二幕的插曲,以西班牙舞代表巧克力,以阿拉伯舞代表咖啡,中国舞代表茶;但全曲最美妙之处仍在《糖果仙子》中钢片琴独奏,依照剧本的描写,迷人地暗示出水滴“从喷泉中溅出”。
     在旋律较为平淡的地方,柴可夫斯基的处理方式仍然杰出。第二幕《双人舞》的动机不过是一个简单的下降音阶,然而和声与分句方式以及温暖的弦乐音色,赋予它强大的情感。柴可夫斯基的管弦乐在序曲中超越了题材:不用大提琴和低音乐器,而以小提琴和中提琴来画分六个声部,他加进三角铁和短笛来模拟古典乐派乐团的声音。

      The Introduction of Japan Star Dancer Ballet Troupe
     Japan Star Dancer Ballet Troupe is one of the most famous ballet troupes in Japan.The troupe have created many ballet performances since it is set up,whose principles are “performing classic ballet”and“creating ballet with ethnic features”.The troupe performs exquisitely with a strong appeal,whose artistic achievements are world-class.They perform not only at home,but also at abroad.
     The Brief Introduction of 《The Nutcracker》
     《The Nutcracker》 is a ballet composed by Tchaikovsky,which is based on 《The Nutcracker and the Mouse King》written by Hoffmann. 《The Nutcracker》 is one of the most excellent ballets in the world with the fame of “Ballet at Christmas”.The reasons why it can attract millions of audiences are that one hand,it has gorgeous and spectacular scenes as well as interesting performance,on the other hand,more importantly,the music of Tchaikovsky gives the ballet a strong appeal.It tells us a story like that:a girl named Mary got a nutcracker at Christmas Day.At night,she dreamed that the nutcracker became a prince and led her together with her toys struggling with the mouse.Later,the prince brought her to the Mountain of Sweets and the Sugar-Plum Fairy gave them a warm welcome.She enjoyed the happiness brought by the toys,dances and feasts.
     The ballet first played in St Petersburg on March 19th,1892. Tchaikovsky made the most characteristic music in《The Nutcracker》 very popular 9 months ago.The suite begins with the overture,followed by the march in Act 1 and the double dance 《Dance of the Sugar-Plum Fairy》 in Act 2.Then is the Russian Dance,the Arabian Dance,the Chinese Dance and the Mirlitons.At last is the 《Waltz of the Flower》 in Act 2,one of the most well-known waltzs composed by Tchaikovsky.
       The Features of 《The Nutcracker》
     《The Nutcracker》 is a typical masterpiece of Tchaikovsky composed in his later lifetime.It uses the string ingeniously,making the ballet colourful and showing the realness which is few to be seen in other music,especially the voice of children in 《Waltz of the Snowflakes》and the instruments of children in other music in Act 1.The music composed for the traditional instruments is also creative,particularly the music in Act 2,using the Spanish Dance stands for the chocolates,the Arabian Dance for coffee,the Chinese Dance for tea.However,the most wonderful music is the solo played by the celesta in 《Sugar-Plum Fairy》.It hints the waterdrops spill form the fountain according to the description of the script.
     Tchaikovsky still shows exceptional skills when the melody of the music becomes flat.The motivation of 《The Double Dance》 in Act 2 is just a simple scale,but the harmony and the warm string sounds give the music powerful emotions. Tchaikovsky uses the orchestral music in the overture,which beyonds the theme:he not use the cello and the low sounds intruments,but the violin and the viola to divide into 6 voices and he uses the angle iron and the piccolo to imitiate the sounds of the classic school of music group.

 

主办:重庆演出有限责任公司
时间:2013年1月
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